How is the geolocation of IP addresses?


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You know what:
  • looks at what users go to the site
  • tracks the route packets


In fact, more interested in the mechanism of the effect. Ie if I register my block PI addresses and AS numbers, how do I do so that the geolocation was given my desired value? To bind these addresses to servers of the country that we need? Can addresses from a single unit and under one AS determined under different countries?

Somehow, it is written very little everywhere. I will be grateful for valuable links on the topic.
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6 Answers

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Wikipedia article refers to this database: ipinfodb.com/ip_database.php
She, in turn, refers to this: www.maxmind.com/app/city_accuracy
And it says the following:
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We obtain the known IP location pairs from sites that ask the web visitor to provide their geographic location. The geographic location along with the web visitor's IP Address is forwarded to us.

That is, a centralized system, every organization that wants to have a database, gathers information independently.
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I can assume that by default your IP will be determined to belong to that country where you buy it.
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the simplest option: on the bases of collected addresses from whois
in more complex cases — these bases are adjusted manually, popolnyaetsya data trace can be fixed by crowdsourcing.
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Google, for example, is actually cool developments on this topic.
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in a particular case will depend on the base used. if it is only based on whois data, you will determine the address that you have specified.
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IMHO.
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About AS: as ACA can have many connections with the outside world, it is technically possible to have at least Stamou independence. So no guarantees on the geographical location.
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geoip.ru
Please contact the public database of IPS and ask you to set the necessary location.
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We use database www.maxmind.com. If you find errors in the definition of the send data to maxmind, they fix it. The free version updates the database once a month.
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The question is quite old, but I think reading it will be interested to learn about the latest improvements in technology IP geolocation.
Here are links to the online polewali light on how this is happening now
and where the future of this technology.
This service provides daily database updates to the IP geolocation absolutely for free.
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