All natural model, as I understand it, will be like this:
Table 1. Vehicle (ID, Last ID Reading).
Table 2. Reading (ID, Vehicle ID, Date and the measured values: Fuel, Oil, Tire Pressure, etc.).
If it is not satisfied for whatever reasons, then move on to other models. So far, for me, for example, the obvious advantage of storing heterogeneous values in a single field. Yes, it's all numbers, but if you added non-numeric value will significantly change the model.